Founded in the early XVIII century by Emperor Peter I near the new Northern capital St. Petersburg, Peterhof was supposed to be the most lavish summer Imperial residence. Work on the creation of a new residence was carried out with stunning speed. Already in August 1723, the solemn opening of Peterhof, and by this time, was laid out Lower Park, Sea canal was dug, operated part fountains were decorated with the upper chambers, and built palaces "Monplaisir" and "Marly".
According to Peter's plan, Peterhof was supposed to, on the one hand, compare in splendor with the most famous Royal residences of Europe, on the other - to become a triumphal monument to the successful completion of Russia's struggle for access to the Baltic sea. Both brilliantly done. By the mid 20-ies of the XVIII century were defeated regular Upper garden (15 hectares) and the Lower Park (102,5 hectares), built a Large Palace, constructed the world's largest system of fountains and water cascades and a large part of the sculptural decoration: the set of lead, gilded statues, bas-reliefs, mascarons, vases. In 1799 the-1806 lead statues were replaced with gilded bronze. Worked in Peterhof and sculptors I. P. Martos, I. P. Prokof'ev, J. D., Rochette, F. I. Shubin, F. F. Shchedrin.
In the planning structure of the ensemble of Peterhof regularity and symmetry of the overall composition combined with the skillful use of the natural terrain and with a variety of art-making certain areas of the Park, pavilions and fountains. Currently in the Park there are mainly lime trees, oaks, maples, ash, birch, black alder, spruce, as well as individual instances of chestnuts, firs and larches. For floral arrangements characterized by the presence of a large number of bulbs, medicinal herbs and roses. The vast territory of the Park contains a wide variety of picturesque places, among which everyone will find a good choice.
However, the worldwide fame of the Lower Park of Peterhof brought its unique and numerous fountains.