img
back to list

The Grand Palace (Peterhof)

Peterhof, Razvodnaya street, 2
spb
spb
spb
spb

The center of the Peterhof ensemble is the Grand Palace – the "crown" residence of the Russian emperors

Magnificent three-story building with galleries and sparkling gilding of domes of the Church and of the body under the Arms – stretches along the terrace for almost three hundred meters.

The General idea of the location and original appearance of the Upper (Upland) of the chambers belonged to Peter I.

During the XVIII and XIX centuries, such prominent Russian and Western European masters as I.-F. Braunstein, J. B. Le blond, N. Michetti, M. Zemtsov, F.-B. Rastrelli, A. I. Stakenschneider worked to create the architectural appearance of the Palace and on the design of its numerous chambers.As in past ages, and now, guests of Peterhof did not stop to admire the magnificence of the interiors of the Grand Palace.

In Peter's part of the Palace has been preserved Oak Cabinet of the first Russian Emperor. The main element of the decoration of this small but cozy rest serve oak carved panels, created in the life of Peter, a talented French sculptor Nicolas Pineau. Here are personal belongings of Peter I, including his road opening hours German master Johannes Benner.

In the middle of the XVIII century, during the reign of the daughter of Peter I Elizabeth, at Peterhof worked famous architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli, the unsurpassed master of the Baroque style. For the interiors, created by the genius Rastrelli characterized by an abundance of wooden gilded carving, inlaid parquet floors of different kinds of valuable wood, lots of mirrors and picturesque plafonds on the ceilings. All the Western wing of the Palace is a Dance hall or, as it was called in the eighteenth century, Merchant hall. There is a legend that Elizabeth specifically asked Rastrelli to clean up the room richer: "as much as possible to bisolotti...". The fact that this room was intended for the reception of an eminent merchant, who loved, in the words of the Empress, gold.

In the second half of the eighteenth century there are regular changes and alteration of the Palace's interiors in the then fashionable classical style. Architects Y. M. Felten, W..B. Vallin de La Mothe draw in 1760-1770-s. such interiors as the Chesma hall, the Throne room, Chinese rooms.

The result of two centuries of construction was the Palace, which is next to the chambers of the Petrine era were shining Baroque halls of the middle of XVIII century, and with them side by side the solemn and austere apartment of the classical period, all chambers of the mid-nineteenth century, revives the main artistic principles of Rococo. Grand Peterhof Palace was the summer center of the official life of the Russian Empire: here was a most important event for the country, feasts and receptions, balls and masquerades.

Today the Grand Palace is a unique historical and art Museum, whose collection numbers about three and a half thousand exhibits. It's furniture, paintings, textiles, lighting, porcelain, meet the tastes of the crowned owners.