Saint Petersburg is one of the most beautiful cities in the world, the cultural capital of Russia, the largest Northern city and the most northern major! This city is an important economic and scientific center of the country, and the third largest in Europe (after Moscow and London). According to 2016 data, the population of St. Petersburg is 5 225 690 people.
The city was founded by Peter the Great on May 16 (27)1703 as an Outpost in the Delta of the Neva river. Big river and the Baltic sea are reflected in the emblem of the city, where two anchors – the river one, and the sea one – are symbolizing an exceptional importance of these two geographical factors for the development of St.Petersburg.
The abundance of rivers and canals contributed a special charm to the landscapes of St. Petersburg and was embodied in the informal name of the city – "the Venice of the North"
Another name - "Northern Palmira" - reflects the orientation of the architecture of St. Petersburg to the traditional foundations of the European architecture, based on the ancient past. Emerged on the Western border of Russia the city was to be the "Window to Europe". In contrast to previously existing Russian cities, the development of St. Petersburg was regulated at an early stage, and its development was carefully planned. From all over Russia cash flow, materials and workers flocked to the new capital. There used to be the best artists and architects from other countries. Such famous masters as George Mattarnovi, Jean-Baptiste Leblon, Domenico Trezzini, Giacomo Quarenghi, Rastrelli, Auguste Montferrand, and others took part in the construction and creation of the architectural appearance of St. Petersburg.
The Central part of St. Petersburg are now included in the world heritage list of UNESCO
For a long time Saint Petersburg remained the capital of the Russian Empire. For a little more than 300-year history of its existence, the city changed its name three times. At the beginning of the World War I in 1914 it became Petrograd. In 1924, after Lenin - Leningrad, and only in 1991 the city got back its historical name - Saint Petersburg.
During the war St. Petersburg was severely damaged: the number of inhabitants in the prewar years, exceeding 3 million people, was reduced to 800 thousand in 1943, and about 20% of the territory was destroyed
Magnificent Petersburg knew bitter years too. Particularly tragic is the fate of the inhabitants of the city during the Second World War of 1941-1945. The memorable places connected with the Blockade, has been preserved to our days. Among them, special attention should be paid to such monuments as the Piskaryovskoye memorial cemetery, the Besieged speaker, a plaque with the inscription "This side of the street is most dangerous" and also the memorial "the Broken ring", symbolizing the heroism of the defenders of the legendary "Road of life". Many of the buildings in the city still keep the scars of bombing and shelling of wartime. For example, you can see them on St. Isaac's Cathedral and on the famous Atlantes of the Hermitage.
In the history of besieged Leningrad it was important sports date too- May 31, 1942. At that day, in the besieged city took place covered with legends and entered forever in the history - "The siege match". Many of Leningrads came to the stadium to watch football - wounded people from hospitals, commander courses students and the residents of nearby houses. The game lasted 60 minutes and was held at the stadium "Dynamo". By agreement of the meeting two halves of thirty minutes each took place. Participants simply had no more strength.
The players remembered that they left the field hugging, embracing each other. The match was a victory of the spirit, the triumph of courage of Leningrad.
In memory of "Blockade game" at "Dynamo" stadium there is a monument in honor of the players who took part in the legendary game.
After the war the rebuilding process in the city and its closest suburbs continued for more than a decade. Almost from the ruins have been restored monument of architecture and art, Peterhof, Oranienbaum, Gatchina and Tsarskoye Selo. In celebration of the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg was restored according to old drawings and pictures of the famous Amber room which was looted from the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo during the war. The location of the authentic interiors are not known so far.
"Scarlet sails" – a holiday of graduates of St. Petersburg schools, we note in the next to the longest white night Saturday
After the war the rebuilding process in the city and its closest suburbs continued for more than a decade. Almost from the ruins were restored the monuments of architecture and art, Peterhof, Oranienbaum, Gatchina and Tsarskoye Selo. In celebration of the 300th anniversary of St. Petersburg according to old drawings and pictures of the famous Amber room which was looted from the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo during the war was restored. The location of the authentic interiors are not known so far.
Saint Petersburg is famous for its incredibly rich cultural life all year round it's filled with all kinds of events, productions, concerts, festivals, many of which are known not only in Russia but throughout the world. The hallmark of the city are such bright events as the birthday of Saint Petersburg, a holiday of graduates "Scarlet sails", international winter festival "Arts Square", "River carnival" and others.
Saint-Petersburg does not leave anyone of the guests indifferent. Everyone here finds something that makes you remember the visit to this extraordinary city and to visit it again and again!